A few examples of materials you will find here:
Vitreous China:These offer a long lasting, sparkling surface that resists scratches, fading, and will provide a long lasting finish.
Cast Iron:These provide resistance to stains and extreme heat. Cast iron sinks have a glossy finish that adds a beautiful, easy to clean appeal.
Brass:Besides offering a classic, elegant look brass sinks are also very durable and less prone to surface damage than other materials.
Glass:Glass sinks come in a wide variety of sizes, shapes and colors to fit any bathroom.
Depending on which faucet you wish you use, you'll need to choose how many faucet holes you will need. Some, like undermount sinks, will not have any faucet holes.